Important notice: the following results are only from the Orthodox population of Serbia which is why R1a is higher that average results and E1b is lower
The haplogroups that make the Serbian genetic pool are as follows:
I2a1b-L621: 32.49% – Sclavenian (South Slavic)
R1a: 23.48% – “North“ Slavic (more common for western and eastern Slavs, southern Slavs are usually I2a)
E1b: 13.84 % – Pre-Slavic Balkan population (Illyrians, Thracians)
J2: 9.43% – Mediterran people (Greeks,Romans…)
I1: 10.48% – North Germanic, Teutonic. Very common in Scandinavia, possibly came with the Goths
G2a: 4.82-5% – Celtic
N: 1,68% – Ugro-Finnic, probably came with the Magyars. In high levels among Tatars, Magyars and Finnish people
R1b: 1.68% – Celto-Germanic
Q: 0.21% – Mongolian
H: 0.15% – Gypsy
Pre-Slavic Balkan people: 23.27%
Caucasian people: (might be Bulgaro-Magyar) 4.82%
SIMILARITIES WITH OTHER PEOPLE (RANDOMLY SELECTED)
Croatia: 86.3 %
Bosnia (Muslims only): 81.6 %
Montenegro: 71.34 %
Slovenia: 69.54 %
Greece: 57.93 %
Belarus: 57.84 %
It’s not at all strange that Serbs are the most similar with other south Slavs. It might be surprising at first that the Serbian similarity with Montenegrins and Bulgarians is about the same (both Bulgaria and Montenegro have a stronger pre-Slavic Balkan influence than Serbia). Despite popular belief, the similarity between Serbian and Croatian DNA is way bigger than that between Serbian and Montenegrin, and it is an astonishing 86.3%!
The second highest similarity is with Bosnian Muslims. Excepting the similarity with Poland, Serbian similarity with non-Slavic Balkan people and East/West Slavs is at about the same level, in spite of the enormous geographical distance between both East and West Slavs.
BONUS: SERBS FROM CROATIA AND BOSNIA
I2a1b-L621: 28.8% – South Slavic
R1a: 26.5% – North Slavic
I1: 11.7% – North Germanic/Viking
E1b: 11.2% – Pre-Slavic Balkan (Illyrian-Thracian)
J2B: 9.4% – Greek/Roman
R1b: 3.7% – Celto-Germanic or Anatolian branch (since I don’t have more detailed results I can’t be sure)
N: 3% – Ugro-Finnic
G2a: 2.4% – Celtic branch
J1: 1% – Semitic
Pre-Slavic Balkan people: 22.6%
Germanic people: 16.8%
The similarity with Serbs from Serbia is 81.5%, which is about the same as the similarity of Poles to Slovaks or Poles to Belarussians. Serbs from Croatia and Bosnia basically have the same amount of North and South Slavic haplogroups, whereas I2a is way higher than R1a in Serbs from Serbia.
Comparing these two results, we can see that Bosnian and Croatian Serbs have more R1a and less I2a than Serbs from Serbia. The territories that Serbs (the tribe) populated from the 7th up to the 10th century were Rascia (modern-day Bosnia and modern-day Raška region in Serbia) and three quarters of what is now Dalmatia (Travunia, Pagania, Za
Modern Serbia holds nothing of that area; rather, it holds the territories of Moravians, Dragovitians, and Timoscans, which might mean that Moravians, Dragovitians and Timoscians were I2a dominant while the original Serbs (the tribe) were R1a dominant. That would make sense since Serbs (the tribe) came from modern-day Eastern Germany, and a part of them had chosen not to migrate, and still lives there. In fact, Lusatian Sorbs have the highest percentage of the R1a haplogroup in the world – over 60%.
During the rule of the Serbian king Milutin Nemanjić (1282-1321), mixing between Moropsi(Srblji), which was the name of the descendants of Slavs at the time, and Vlachs, the name for the descendants of the pre-Slavic population, was strictly forbidden (Literal translation of Srblji would be Serbs which means that before Turkish invasion, descendants of Pre-Slavic Balkan population were not considered as Serbs).Moreover, only Morapsi were allowed to have land while the Vlachs held no such rights and were forced to be cattlemen. Because of this, the Vlachs were poor, so many of them decided to have only one child per family in order to become wealthy (a tradition which has survived among Serbian Vlachs to this day). That is why the number of the pre-Slavic population is lower than would be expected – there’s is only 13.84% of the E haplogroup. Compare this to Bulgaria, where there is 26% of E.
Mixing between Morapsi and Vlachs, plenty of whom assimilated into Morapsi thus creating Serbian population, probably started after the Turkish invasion in the 15th century, so it can be inferred that Serbian Slavs were not mixing with pre-slavic Balkan population from before that. This also means that the mixing was not homogeneous. It can easily be noticed how diverse Serbians from different areas are. Serbs from some areas look very light and pale-skinned, whereas some are darker-tanned. Take a look at a picture of Serbs from Grdelica (southern Serbia) and Novi Pazar (south-western Serbia).
Now take a look at Serbs from Užice (western Serbia) and Kragujevac (central Serbia).
I have to mention that the phenotype and genotype do not always correspond, but it is something that I have noticed among Serbs and Croats – how much diversity could be seen among different regions. The diversity doesn’t end there. For instance, Muslim Serbs from Novi Pazar area have only 3.57% of R1a, and their total similarity with Orthodox Serbs is 70.04%, which means that Orthodox Serbs are more similar to Bosnian Muslims than Novi Pazar Muslims. Or put differently, the only similarity between Bosnian and Novi Pazar Muslims is their religion.
The main source for the data about Serbian genetics presented in this article comes from SERBIAN DNA PROJECT.
If you like the article, make sure to subscribe to our youtube page since we are going to make videos about similar topics with focus on Slavic history/culture.